U.S., Iraqi Engineers Discuss Future of Surveying
By Pfc. Christopher M. Gaylord
Special to American Forces Press Service
BAGHDAD, May 9, 2008 – The senior consultant for water resources in
Iraq, the Multinational Corps Iraq geospatial team, and Iraqi surveying
engineers from the Ministry of Water Resources discussed the future of
a geospatial reference project Iraq is taking over at the U.S. Embassy
in the International Zone on May 5. |
The project, called the Iraqi Geospatial Reference System project, will
provide a more accurate reference system for navigation, making
reconstruction in Iraq much easier.
Staff Sgt. Anas Malkawi, a geodetic surveyor with 100th Engineer
Company, 20th Engineer Brigade, discusses the locations chosen for
future geospatial reference system points across Iraq with Iraqi
surveyors from the Ministry of Water Resources during a meeting at the
U.S. Embassy, in Baghdad’s International Zone, May 5, 2008. U.S. Army
(Click photo for screen-resolution image);high-resolution image available.
IGRS] is a key part of infrastructure for Iraq," said Linda Allen,
senior consultant for water resources with the U.S. Embassy in Iraq.
"It establishes a key reference system, which is important for the
The system helps construction workers
and civil engineers throughout the country with building bridges,
highways, buildings and helps with the irrigation systems and the
accuracy of dams, said Staff Sgt. Anas Malkawi, a geodetic surveyor
with 100th Engineer Company, 20th Engineer Brigade, who spoke with his
Iraqi counterparts during the meeting.
"When you do global
positioning system surveying, you have to get real accurate
coordinates,” he explained, “and without a good, accurate GPS reference
system to start your work, you'll run into some issues with surveying."
Six geospatial reference points, called continuously operating
reference stations, were installed by the U.S. military in 2005, but
since their continual operation has been a problem for Iraqi engineers,
new equipment has been purchased with Iraqi funds, Malkawi said.
gave advice to the Iraqi Transition Assistance Office on what equipment
to purchase for the ministry of water resources," Malkawi said. "[We
chose] equipment that would suit the Iraqis and their operations."
U.S. Army recently helped Iraqi surveying engineers install the first
of seven continuously operating reference station systems that will be
completed by the end of the Iraqi Geospatial Reference System project,
and provided training on the new equipment.
The Army has
cooperated with the Iraqi Transition Assistance Office and ministry of
water resources to provide training on the operation and installation
of the new systems for the Iraqis, Malkawi said.
The next six
systems will be installed by Iraqi engineers. The meeting focused
partly on the future locations of those systems to come, which were
determined by Iraqi engineers with the ministry of water resources,
Iraq will benefit largely in many ways from the
completion of the geospatial reference system, but especially with
construction and reconstruction efforts across the country.
new equipment from the embassy will shortcut the time it takes for us
to do observations," said Wisan Hussein, a surveying engineer with the
Ministry of Water Resources. "It will also help us revise our maps and
publish them for all ministries."
(Army Pfc. Christopher M. Gaylord serves in the Multinational Corps Iraq Public Affairs Office.)
|Military Connection's Comments:
Highly developed nations take for granted the need for an accurate spatial reference system. A spatial reference system is a reliable network of permanent survey marks that have established horizontal coordinates and/or elevations that are referenced to a defined coordinate system. Control networks are still an essential component to the complicated science of positioning objects on, above and below the earth’s surface. Multinational Corps Iraq and Iraqi surveying engineers are discussing the future of a geospatial reference project for Iraq. The Geospatial Reference System is needed to provide a more accurate navigational system (GPS). It also makes reconstruction in Iraq much easier. Army Staff Sergeant Anas Malkawi is a geodetic surveyor with 100th Engineer Company, 20th Engineer Brigade in Iraq. The Army will be training Iraqis on the operation and installations of the equipment needed. Iraq might come into the 21st century after all.